London Buses 1970 1980

Author: Matthew Wharmby
Editor: Casemate Publishers
ISBN: 1473872960
File Size: 49,54 MB
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The 1970s were among London Transports most troubled years. Prohibited from designing its own buses for the gruelling conditions of the capital, LT was compelled to embark upon mass orders for the broadly standard products of national manufacturers, which for one reason or another proved to be disastrous failures in the capital and were disposed of prematurely at a great loss. Despite a continuing spares shortage combined with industrial action, the old organisation kept going somehow, with the venerable RT and Routemaster families still at the forefront of operations.At the same time, the green buses of the Country Area were taken over by the National Bus Company as London Country Bus Services. Little by little, and not without problems of their own, the mostly elderly but standard inherited buses gave way to a variety of diverted orders, some successful others far from so, until by the end of the decade we could see a mostly NBC-standard fleet of one-man-operated buses in corporate leaf green.

London Buses 1970 1980 A Decade Of London Transport And London Country Operations

Author: Matthew Wharmby
Editor:
ISBN: 9781473872950
File Size: 18,33 MB
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London Buses 1970 1980

Author: Matthew Wharmby
Editor:
ISBN: 9781473872943
File Size: 21,44 MB
Format: PDF
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The 1970s were among London Transport's most troubled years. Prohibited from designing its own buses for the grueling conditions of the capital, LT was compelled to embark upon mass orders for the broadly standard products of national manufacturers, which for one reason or another proved to be disastrous failures in the capital and were disposed of prematurely at a great loss. Despite a continuing spares shortage combined with industrial action, the old organization kept going somehow, with the venerable RT and Routemaster families still at the forefront of operations. At the same time, the green buses of the Country Area were taken over by the National Bus Company as London Country Bus Services. Little by little, and not without problems of their own, the mostly elderly but standard inherited buses gave way to a variety of diverted orders, some successful others far from so, until by the end of the decade we could see a mostly NBC-standard fleet of one-man-operated buses in corporate leaf green.

East London Buses 1970s 1980s

Author: Malcolm Batten
Editor: Amberley Publishing Limited
ISBN: 144568022X
File Size: 28,88 MB
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A terrific range of previously unpublished images of East London buses, including Routemasters, during the 1970s-1980s.

London Routemasters In The Late 1970s And Early 1980s

Author: Mike Rhodes
Editor: Amberley Publishing Limited
ISBN: 1445693895
File Size: 35,32 MB
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An illustrated look at the Routemaster which is an iconic London bus, recognised around the world, from the late 1970s to early 1980.

The Road To Democracy In South Africa 1970 1980

Author: South African Democracy Education Trust
Editor: Unisa Press
ISBN: 9781868884063
File Size: 44,78 MB
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v. 3: The third volume in the series examines the role of anti-apartheid movements around the world. The global anti-apartheid movement was very successful in creating awareness of the liberation struggle in South Africa, and in contributing to the downfall of the apartheid government. This volume, in 2 parts, brings together analyses which in the main are written by activist scholars with deep roots in the movements and organizations they are writing about.

The Colours Of London Buses 1970s

Author: Kevin McCormack
Editor: Pen and Sword
ISBN: 1473868017
File Size: 31,59 MB
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This is a colour album of London Buses concentrating mainly on the 1970s which was the first decade since London Transport's inception in 1933 to feature a large number of buses on London streets which were not painted in the mainly all-red (or in a few c

Traffic Trends In The Seventies

Author: Maxine Frerk
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 45,91 MB
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London Buses In The 1970s 1970 1974

Author: Jim Blake
Editor: Pen and Sword
ISBN: 1473887224
File Size: 45,66 MB
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Using photographs from Jim Blake's extensive archives, this book examines the turbulent period in the history of London's buses immediately after London Transport lost its Country Buses and Green Line Coaches to the recently-formed National Bus Company, under their new subsidiary company, London Country Bus Services Ltd.The new entity inherited a largely elderly fleet of buses from London Transport, notably almost 500 RT-class AEC Regent double-deckers, of which replacement was already under way in the shape of new AEC MB and SM class Swift single-deckers.London Transport itself was in the throes of replacing a much larger fleet of these. At the time of the split, it was already apparent that the 36ft-long MB class single-deckers were not suitable for London conditions, particularly in negotiating suburban streets cluttered with cars, and were also mechanically unreliable. The shorter SM class superseded them but they were equally unreliable. January 1971 saw the appearance of London Transport's first purpose-built one-man operated double-decker, the DMS class. All manner of problems plagued these, too.Both operators were also plagued with a shortage of spare parts for their vehicles, made worse by the three-day week imposed by the Heath regime in 1973-4. London Transport and London Country were still closely related, with the latter's buses continuing to be overhauled at LT's Aldenham Works. Such were the problems with the MB, SM, and DMS types that LT not only had to resurrect elderly RTs to keep services going, but even repurchased some from London Country! In turn, the latter operator hired a number of MB-types from LT, now abandoned as useless, from 1974 onwards in an effort to cover their own vehicle shortages. Things looked bleak for both operators in the mid-1970s.This book contains a variety of interesting and often unusual photographs illustrating all of this, most of which have never been published before.

The London Dms Bus

Author: Matthew (Matt) Wharmby
Editor: Pen and Sword
ISBN: 1783831731
File Size: 33,10 MB
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Vilified as the great failure of all London Transport bus classes, the DMS family of Daimler Fleetline was more like an unlucky victim of straitened times. Desperate to match staff shortages with falling demand for its services during the late 1960s, London Transport was just one organization to see nationwide possibilities and savings in legislation that was about to permit double-deck one-man-operation and partially fund purpose-built vehicles. However, prohibited by circumstances from developing its own rear-engined Routemaster (FRM) concept, LT instituted comparative trials between contemporary Leyland Atlanteans and Daimler Fleetlines.The latter came out on top, and massive orders followed. The first DMSs entering service on 2 January 1971. In service, however, problems quickly manifested. Sophisticated safety features served only to burn out gearboxes and gulp fuel. The passengers, meanwhile, did not appreciate being funnelled through the DMS's recalcitrant automatic fare-collection machinery only to have to stand for lack of seating. Boarding speeds thus slowed to a crawl, to the extent that the savings made by laying off conductors had to be negated by adding more DMSs to converted routes! Second thoughts caused the ongoing order to be amended to include crew-operated Fleetlines (DMs), noise concerns prompted the development of the B20 ‘quiet bus’ variety, and brave attempts were made to fit the buses into the time-honored system of overhauling at Aldenham Works, but finally the problems proved too much. After enormous expenditure, the first DMSs began to be withdrawn before the final RTs came out of service, and between 1979 and 1983 all but the B20s were sold – as is widely known, the DMSs proved perfectly adequate with provincial operators once their London features had been removed. OPO was to become fashionable again in the 1980s as the politicians turned on London Transport itself, breaking it into pieces in order to sell it off. Not only did the B20 DMSs survive to something approaching a normal lifespan, but the new cheap operators awakening with the onset of tendering made use of the type to undercut LT, and it was not until 1993 that the last DMS operated.

East London Buses 1990s

Author: Malcolm Batten
Editor: Amberley Publishing Limited
ISBN: 1445680408
File Size: 79,31 MB
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Malcolm Batten offers a highly illustrated range of photographs looking at East London buses in the 1990s.

East London Buses 1970s 1980s

Author: Malcolm Batten
Editor:
ISBN: 9781445680217
File Size: 33,82 MB
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A terrific range of previously unpublished images of East London buses, including Routemasters, during the 1970s-1980s.

Public Enterprise Economics

Author: Dieter Bös
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483193233
File Size: 74,97 MB
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Advanced Textbooks in Economics, Volume 23: Public Enterprise Economics: Theory and Application focuses on economics, mathematical economics, and econometrics, including microeconomics, marginal-cost pricing, taxes, and income effects. The manuscript takes a look at the essential parts of public sector pricing models, normative optimum theory, and normative piecemeal theory. Discussions focus on welfare improvements with non-tight constraints, welfare -improving increases of public inefficiency, conditions for optimal prices and quantities, compensating for income effects, and conditions for optimal quality. The book then ponders on marginal-cost pricing, Ramsey pricing, rate of return regulation, and pricing with distributional aims. Topics include comparing distributional and allocative pricing, prices versus taxes, optimum Ramsey policy, influence of Ramsey prices on allocation, distribution, and stabilization, and consequences for allocation, distribution, and stabilization. The publication examines bus and underground services in London, economic theory and empirical analysis, and different approaches towards optimal quality, including empirical studies on bus and underground demand, organizational and political history, and microeconomics of the representative consumer. The book is a valuable source of data for researchers interested in public enterprise economics.

Transport In Britain

Author: Philip Bagwell
Editor: A&C Black
ISBN: 9781852852634
File Size: 23,33 MB
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British transport, 1750-2000.

British Buses 1967

Author: Jim Blake
Editor: Pen and Sword
ISBN: 1473827175
File Size: 78,62 MB
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This book looks at an important turning point in the history of the bus industry in Britain. 1967 was the penultimate year to the end of an era, when private and semi-nationalized company's operated the bus networks in this country.??After 1967 the network was never the same again, with the formation of the National Bus Company in 1968.??The NBC was a very bland organization compared to the colourful bus companies that had existed before nationalization, and many small municipal fleets amalgamated to form Passenger Transport Executives.??This comprehensive volume covers a large number of the bus companies throughout the country in 1967 and also has a good readable narrative describing Jim Blake's journeys travelling on these services across Britain.

City Transport In Developed And Developing Countries

Author: Tom Rallis
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 134919087X
File Size: 43,51 MB
Format: PDF
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Having provided theoretical models of such items as capacity, network, scheduling, costs, organisation, environment and forecasting, the author uses these models to compare and evaluate the city transport problems in London, Paris, Copenhagen and Los Angeles, as well as in Cairo, Singapore and Rio de Janeiro. Finally future demand is assessed and guidance on future planning is given.

Radical Aristocrats

Author: Ken Fuller
Editor: Lawrence & Wishart Limited
ISBN:
File Size: 28,53 MB
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Agricultural Insect Pests Of Temperate Regions And Their Control

Author: D. S. Hill
Editor: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521240130
File Size: 27,33 MB
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This handbook is a companion to Agricultural Insect Pests of the Tropics and their Control (2nd Edition 1983) and, like the earlier book, it is designed as a source of reference about most of the major insect and mite pests of agricultural crops. These two volumes by the same author now present a world-wide coverage of the economically important insect pests of tropical and temperate agriculture. Students taking courses in entomology, agriculture, crop pest biology and crop protection, and professional workers concerned with identification and control of insect pests, will find this comprehensive account an indispensable handbook and source of reference.

British Buses And Coaches In The Late 1970s

Author: Stephen Dowle
Editor: Amberley Publishing Limited
ISBN: 1445681366
File Size: 16,27 MB
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Stephen Dowle offers up a terrific selection of previously unpublished photographs documenting the British bus and coach scene of the late 1970s.

East Anglian Buses 1970 To 1995

Author: Robert Appleton
Editor: Amberley Publishing Limited
ISBN: 1445673878
File Size: 36,68 MB
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With a stunning collection of images, nearly all previously unpublished, capturing the buses of East Anglia.