Muslims As Actors

Author: Jacques Waardenburg
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ISBN:
File Size: 41,27 MB
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This book deals with Islamic studies and with the question how the scholarly study of religion can contribute to the study of Islam. The author advocates studying Islamic phenomena as signs and symbols interpreted and applied in diverse ways in existing traditions. He stresses the role of Muslims as actors in the ongoing debate about the articulation of Islamic ways of life and construction of Islam as a religion. A careful study of this debate should steer clear of political, religious, and ideological interests. Research in this area by Muslims and non-Muslim scholars alike should address the question of what Muslims have made of their Islam in specific circumstances. Current political contexts have created an unhealthy climate for pursuing an "open" approach to Islam based on reading, observing, listening and reflecting. Yet, precisely nowadays we need to look anew at ways of Muslim thinking and acting that refer to Islam and to avoid certain schemes of interpreting Muslim realities that are no longer adequate for present-day Muslim life situations. Muslim recourses to Islam can be studied as human constructions of value and meaning, and relations between Muslims and others can be seen in terms of human interaction, without blame always falling on Islam as such.

Muslims As Actors

Author: Jean Jacques Waardenburg
Editor:
ISBN: 9783110191424
File Size: 51,85 MB
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Citizenship And The Political Integration Of Muslims

Author: Manlio Cinalli
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137312246
File Size: 19,58 MB
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This book explores the political integration of Muslims and Islam across contemporary democracies. The author focuses on France, a country in which the integration of Muslims is usually seen as being problematic and controversial, and which is struggling with both Islamic radicalisation on the one hand, and the new wave of extreme-right populism on the other. Whereas conventional approaches to the topic of the integration of Muslims in France have tended to focus on single methods and sources, such as demographic characteristics or cultural and economic resources, the 'field mixed-method approach' offered in this book allows for a more nuanced analysis. It sheds new light on the interactive dynamics between policy processes, the role of key meso-level actors such as movements and associations, and the political entrepreneurship of Muslims themselves within the overarching frame of French citizenship. The book thus assesses the extent to which a broad set of interactions link Muslim French to the broader community of French citizens. It will be of interest to scholars and students with an interest in Political Sociology, Islamic Studies, Citizenship and European Politics.

Religious Authority In Indonesian Islam

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ISBN:
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Muslims As Actors

Author: Jacques Waardenburg
Editor: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311091395X
File Size: 28,38 MB
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This book challenges the view of Islamic Studies as a branch of “Orientalism”. The West now sees Islam largely as a political problem, and research on its religious aspects is urgently needed. The book traces the relevance of the academic study of religion for Islamic Studies, contributions of prominent scholars, and studies on issues of contemporary Islam. The author advocates focusing research on Muslim interpretations of Islam which redefine Islamic values and meanings in present-day contexts, and argues for Muslims being recognized as actors in the articulation of their Islam.

Contested Caricatures

Author: Lasse E. Lindekilde
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 50,82 MB
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Muslims Down Under

Author: Donnette Wille
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 32,61 MB
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Islam In Tajikistan

Author: Andrea Schmitz
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 49,25 MB
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The revival of Muslim values and ideas in Central Asia is perceived primarily through the lens of security, both among local regimes and by the West. The focus on extreme forms of Islam, however, prevents a balanced assessment of the religious discourse itself and obscures the reasons for the growing attraction of Islam and its potential as a force for order in the post-Soviet states. This study explores the social and political background to the revival of Islamic discourses, networks and practices in Tajikistan since the end of the Soviet Union, identifying the central actors, and laying out the intellectual and social coordinates of the symbolic struggles they are involved in. The growing significance of Islam as a source of moral and practical guidance is associated with a differentiation and pluralization of the landscape of actors and discourses. The interpretative monopoly of the Hanafite clergy, who cultivate a tradition of tolerance towards culture-specific ritual practice and secular lifeworlds, is now challenged by reformist and universalist doctrines that reject the pragmatic consensus of the religious establishment. The state responds by suppressing the influence of religion through increasingly pervasive surveillance, but this cannot prevent the dissemination of the unwanted teachings. Reversing the tide would demand pro-active investment in good religious education.

Proper Muslim Against Authentic Kyrgyz

Author: Baris Isci
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 29,39 MB
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In this study, I examine the oppositional configuration of public figures around the poles of "proper" Muslimness and "authentic" Kyrgyzness in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. I ask: Why are public actors defining their positions in opposition to the other? Why do such opposing positions tend to crystallize around two poles: "proper" Muslimness versus "authentic" Kyrgyzness? Why cannot one be a "proper Muslim" and an "authentic Kyrgyz" in Kyrgyzstan today? Why do Islamic actors choose to collaborate with each other? Why do we not see more competition among Islamic actors in Bishkek when it is a common phenomenon among Muslims in other parts of the world? Based on ethnographic research, I look at the process of turning public figures into two opposing groups around two opposing poles by focusing on the encounter between the post-Soviet present and the legacies of Soviet history. I demonstrate that Soviet nationality and religion policies made Muslimness subordinate to Kyrgyzness, which is defined through language, customs, and values unique to the Kyrgyz. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the institutions that created and maintained the definition of Muslimness as such have also collapsed. In addition, the liberal policies post-Soviet Kyrgyzstani governments introduced in matters of religion and economics opened the country to outside world and provided the Kyrgyz with new opportunities and means to challenge the identification of Islam with Kyrgyz traditions and to promote a view of Muslimness that is no more defined within the limits of Kyrgyzness but more parallel with the global trends of Islamization. Yet, such efforts by particular Kyrgyz to create a new definition of Muslimness with the new means at hand are challenged by the intelligentsia who are the products of the very system that had subordinated the religion to ethnic identity and that had assigned the intelligentsia as the promoters and guardians of Kyrgyzness. Motivated by an overriding sense of urgency and desperation to save the Kyrgyz people from post-Soviet chaos, they promote new narratives of national identity and position themselves in opposition to the Islamic actors whom they think threaten their efforts to construct an authentic Kyrgyzness. I examine the process of polarization between Islamic actors and the intelligentsia by using Bourdieu's theory of fields and Giddens' concept of "ontological security."

After Integration

Author: Marian Burchardt
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3658025948
File Size: 55,87 MB
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The integration of Muslims into European societies is often seen as a major challenge that is yet to be confronted. This book, by contrast, starts from the observation that on legal, political and organizational levels integration has already taken place. It showcases the variety of theoretical approaches that scholars have developed to conceptualize Muslim life in Europe, and provides detailed empirical analysis of ten European countries. Demonstrating how Muslim life unfolds between conviviality and contentious politics, the contributors describe demographic developments, analyze legal controversies, and explore the action of government and state, Muslim communities and other civil society actors. Driving forces behind the integration of Islam are discussed in detail and compared across countries.

Welfare Activities By New Religious Actors

Author: Elisa Banfi
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319620967
File Size: 35,47 MB
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This book offers a comparative examination of Islamic welfare activities across urban areas in both Switzerland and Italy, in order to address general issues relating to the welfare engagement of Islamic organisations in Europe. Welfare Activities by New Religious Actors describes how Islamic organisations have been coordinated and structured in Geneva, Milan, Rome, and Zurich; four cities not yet analysed in the literature on Islamic welfare. It also explores the institutional opportunities and constraints that are able to influence forms of social religious activities at the local and international level, by bringing together two research fields that seldom speak to each other: social network analysis and political opportunity theory. This book will appeal to scholars of Sociology, Anthropology and Religious Studies dealing with the social and political inclusion of Muslims in Europe and the social activities of Islamic organisations in Western countries.

Institutionalizing Religion

Author: Georges Fahmi
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 16,84 MB
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While the question of the compatibility between Islam and democracy has captured the attention of researchers, journalists and politicians for many years, Asef Bayat believes that this question is irrelevant. In his book, Making Islam Democratic, Bayat argues that the relevant question is not whether Islam is compatible with democracy, but rather under what conditions Muslims can make the two compatible (Bayat 2007). This new approach has opened the way for research on the conditions under which religious actors offer support for democracy. While my research starts from this same point, I have come to the conclusion that religious authorities' attitude is neither a fixed position nor an ideological one; rather the attitude of the same religious group might change from one phase to another. Hence, the research question this dissertation seeks to answer is not only why certain Islamic actors have offered support for democracy while others have not, but also why the same religious actors have shifted their position on democracy over time. The answer lies, I argue, in the institutional rules governing religion-polity relations. While the four religious actors studied here share the same material and ideational interests, they have adopted different strategies, which in turn vary with different institutional settings, in order to achieve these interests. Religious actors' attitudes towards democracy reflect a rational choice that is made after assessing to what extent democracy advances or hinders their other strategies and interests.

Europe And Islam

Author: Erik Jones
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317207246
File Size: 31,43 MB
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This book provides an in depth analysis of the challenging relationship between Europe and Islam. The general chapters on secularism, security, identity and solidarity show the challenge of promoting a stable multi-cultural society. In depth analysis of France, Germany, Britain, the Netherlands, and Italy reveal the extent to which this challenge of stable multiculturalism differs from one country to the next. The argument that emerges is not that Europe and Islam are incompatible. Rather it is that reconciling the tensions that arise from the mixing of different cultures will require enormous patience, understanding, and investment. The contributors represent some of the leading voices in debates about European politics – and not just those focusing narrowly on the question of Islam. Hence this volume offers both a gateway to understanding the special relationship between Europe and the Muslim world and a means of tying that understanding to the future of European integration. This book was previously published as a special issue of The International Spectator.

Strategic Culture And Violent Non State Actors

Author: James M. Smith
Editor:
ISBN:
File Size: 55,75 MB
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This paper combines three separate threads of analysis on culture and violent nonstate actors as a launching pad to spur further research into this critical arena of culture and security. Jim Smith lays out a series of templates for guiding analysis of culture and violent nonstate actors. Mark Long applies cultural analysis of radical Islam and alQaida in discussing the influences involved in the core al Qaida group's WMD decisions. Tom Johnson, in examining a tribal insurgent psychological campaign in Afghanistan, demonstrates that behavioral influences can be manipulated for significant effect in countering our efforts to gain stability and legitimacy for the Afghan government. James M. Smith, PhD, is the Director, USAF Institute for National Security Studies and Professor, Military Strategic Studies at the US Air Force Academy.Jerry Mark Long, PhD, is Associate Professor and Director, Middle East Studies, Honors College, Baylor University. Thomas H. Johnson is Research Professor at the Naval Postgraduate School.

Islamism And Islamic Literature In Contemporary Turkey From Epic To Novel Understandings Of Islam

Author: Kenan Çayır
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ISBN:
File Size: 22,20 MB
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This study explores Islamism and Islamic identities through literary representations of Islamism in Turkey in the last two decades, a period in which Islamism came on the public agenda through novels, films, music and other artistic productions. My focus will be in particular on the Islamic novels of the 1980s and 1990s in order to elucidate Islamist actors' perceptions of 'self' and 'other' and of the social milieu in which they lived. I will note a change in emphasis in Islamic representations and discourse between the 1980s and 1990s. I will argue that with their didactic and pedagogical narratives detailing 'how Muslims should live in the modern world, ' Islamic novels of 1980s provided Islamists with a means to disseminate ideas in popularized form and to develop life strategies that paved the way for assertive collective Islamic subjectivity. By contrast, in the 1990s more self-reflexive/self-exposing novels have emerged in Islamic circles that mirror the questioning of radical conceptions of the previous decade in Islamic circles. The new Islamic novels, with their self-reflexive forms and their narratives exploring the inner conflicts of Islamic actors in the face of changing social relations challenge the collective definitions of Islamic identity and signify novel practices and interpretations of Islam.

Can Islam Be French

Author: John R. Bowen
Editor: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691152497
File Size: 22,81 MB
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Bowen asks not the usual question--how well are Muslims integrating in France?--but, rather, how do French Muslims think about Islam? In particular, Bowen examines how French Muslims are fashioning new Islamic institutions and developing new ways of reasoning and teaching. He looks at some of the quite distinct ways in which mosques have connected with broader social and political forces, how Islamic educational entrepreneurs have fashioned niches for new forms of schooling, and how major Islamic public actors have set out a specifically French approach to religious norms. --from publisher description

Governing Islam Abroad

Author: Benjamin Bruce
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319786644
File Size: 43,93 MB
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From sending imams abroad to financing mosques and Islamic associations, home states play a key role in governing Islam in Western Europe. Drawing on over one hundred interviews and years of fieldwork, this book employs a comparative perspective that analyzes the foreign religious activities of the two home states with the largest diaspora populations in Europe: Turkey and Morocco. The research shows how these states use religion to promote ties with their citizens and their descendants abroad while also seeking to maintain control over the forms of Islam that develop within the diaspora. The author identifies and explains the internal and foreign political interests that have motivated state actors on both sides of the Mediterranean, ultimately arguing that interstate cooperation in religious affairs has and will continue to have a structural influence on the evolution of Islam in Western Europe.

Political Islam In Algeria

Author:
Editor: CEPS
ISBN: 9290797215
File Size: 16,72 MB
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Routledge Handbook Of Islam In The West

Author: Taylor & Francis Group
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 9780367211783
File Size: 68,59 MB
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With new topics and contributions, this updated second edition discusses the history and contemporary presence of Islam in Europe and America. The book debates the relevance and multi-faceted participation of Muslims in the dynamics of Western societies, challenging the changing perception on both sides. Collating over thirty chapters, written by experts from around the world, the volume presents a wide range of perspectives. Case studies from the Muslim presence in the Iberian Peninsula between the Middle Ages and the modern age are setting off the Handbook, along with an outline of Muslims in America up to the twentieth century. The second part covers concepts around new conditions in terms of consolidating identities, the emergence of new Muslim actors, the appearance of institutions and institutional attitudes, the effects of Islamic presence on the arts and landscapes of the West, and, the relational dynamics like ethics and gender. Exploring the influence of Islam, particularly its impact on society, culture and politics, this interdisciplinary volume is a key resource for policymakers, academics and students interested in the history of Islam, religion and the contemporary relationship between Islam and the West.

Islam And Public Controversy In Europe

Author: Nilüfer Göle
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317112547
File Size: 39,79 MB
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The public visibility of Islam is becoming increasingly controversial throughout European countries. With case studies drawn from France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK, this book examines a range of public issues, including mosque construction, ritual slaughter, Sharia councils and burqa bans, addressing the question of ’Islamic difference’ in public life outside the confines of established normative discourses that privilege freedom of religion, minority rights or multiculturalism. Acknowledging the creative role of dissent, it explores the manner in which public controversies unsettle the religious-secular divide and reshape European norms in the domains of aesthetics, individual freedom, animal rights and law. Developing an innovative conceptual framework and elaborating the notion of controversy as a methodological tool, Islam and Public Controversy in Europe draws our attention to the processes of interaction, confrontation and mutual transformation, thereby opening up a new horizon for rethinking difference and pluralism in Europe. As such, it will appeal to scholars across the social sciences with interests in religion, integration, cultural difference and the public sphere.