Nanomaterials And Their Biomedical Applications

Author: Tuhin Subhra Santra
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9813362529
File Size: 42,72 MB
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This book highlights the evolution of, and novel challenges currently facing, nanomaterials science, nanoengineering, and nanotechnology, and their applications and development in the biological and biomedical fields. It details different nanoscale and nanostructured materials syntheses, processing, characterization, and applications, and considers improvements that can be made in nanostructured materials with their different biomedical applications. The book also briefly covers the state of the art of different nanomaterials design, synthesis, fabrication and their potential biomedical applications. It will be particularly useful for reading and research purposes, especially for science and engineering students, academics, and industrial researchers.

Gold Nanoparticles In Biomedical Applications

Author: Lev Dykman
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780367892210
File Size: 69,46 MB
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This book discusses fabrication of functionalized gold nanoparticles (GNPs) and multifunctional nanocomposites, their optical properties, and applications in biological studies. This is the very first book of its kind to comprehensively discuss published data on in vitro and in vivo biodistribution, toxicity, and uptake of GNP by mammalian cells providing a systematization of data over the GNP types and parameters, their surface functionalization, animal and cell models. As distinct from other related books, Gold Nanoparticles in Biomedical Applications discusses the immunological properties of GNPs and summarizes their applications as an antigen carrier and adjuvant in immunization for the preparation of antibodies in vivo. Although the potential of GNPs in nanobiotechnology has been recognized for the past decade, new insights into the unique properties of multifunctional nanostructures have recently emerged. With these developments in mind, this book unites ground breaking experimental data with a discussion of hybrid nanoparticle systems that combine different nanomaterials to create multifunctional structures. These novel hybrids constitute the material basis of theranostics, bringing together the advanced properties of functionalized GNPs and composites into a single multifunctional nanostructure with simultaneous diagnostic and therapeutic functions. Such nanohybrids can be physically and chemically tailored for a particular organ, disease, and patient thus making personalized medicine available.

Nanoparticles And Their Biomedical Applications

Author: Ashutosh Kumar Shukla
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811503915
File Size: 25,27 MB
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Nanotechnology is expected to bring revolutionary changes in a variety of fields. This volume describes nanoparticles and their biomedical applications, and covers metal nanoparticles, metal oxide nanoparticles, rare earth based nanoparticles and graphene oxide nanoparticles. It elaborates on a number of biomedical applications, including therapeutic applications. It addresses the topic of green synthesis, in view of increasing health and environmental concerns.

Green Nanoparticles

Author: Jayanta Kumar Patra
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9783030392451
File Size: 11,26 MB
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Nanotechnology is the application of science to control matter at the molecular level. It has become one of the most promising applied technologies in all areas of science. Nanoparticles have multi-functional properties and have created very interesting applications in various fields such as medicine, nutrition, bioenergy, agriculture and the environment. But the biogenic syntheses of monodispersed nanoparticles with specific sizes and shapes have been a challenge in biomaterial science. Nanoparticles are of great interest due to their extremely small size and large surface-to-volume ratio, which lead to both chemical and physical differences in their properties (e.g., mechanical properties, biological and sterical properties, catalytic activity, thermal and electrical conductivity, optical absorption and melting point) compared to bulk of the same chemical composition. Recently, however, synthesizing metal nanoparticles using green technology via microorganisms, plants, viruses, and so on, has been extensively studied and has become recognized as a green and efficient way for further exploiting biological systems as convenient nanofactories. Thus the biological synthesis of nanoparticles is increasingly regarded as a rapid, ecofriendly, and easily scaled-up technology. Today researchers are developing new techniques and materials using nanotechnology that may be suitable for plants to boost their native functions. Recently, biological nanoparticles were found to be more pharmacologically active than physico-chemically synthesized nanoparticles. Various applications of biosynthesized nanoparticles have been discovered, especially in the field of biomedical research, such as applications to specific delivery of drugs, use for tumor detection, angiogenesis, genetic disease and genetic disorder diagnosis, photoimaging, and photothermal therapy. Further, iron oxide nanoparticles have been applied to cancer therapy, hyperthermia, drug delivery, tissue repair, cell labeling, targeting and immunoassays, detoxification of biological fluids, magnetic resonance imaging, and magnetically responsive drug delivery therapy. Nanoparticle synthesis for plant byproducts for biomedical applications has vast potential. This book offers researchers in plant science and biomedicine the latest research and opportunity to develop new tools for the synthesis of environmentally friendly and cost-effective nanoparticles for applications in biomedicine as well as other various fields.

Nanoparticles And Their Biomedical Applications

Author: Ashutosh Kumar Shukla
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9789811503900
File Size: 28,63 MB
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Nanotechnology is expected to bring revolutionary changes in a variety of fields. This volume describes nanoparticles and their biomedical applications, and covers metal nanoparticles, metal oxide nanoparticles, rare earth based nanoparticles and graphene oxide nanoparticles. It elaborates on a number of biomedical applications, including therapeutic applications. It addresses the topic of green synthesis, in view of increasing health and environmental concerns.

Synthesis Of Copper Nanoparticles And Their Biomedical Applications

Author: Sampath Malathi
Editor: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783659210785
File Size: 76,92 MB
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The emergence of nanoscience and nanotechnology in the last decade presents opportunities for exploring the bactericidal effect of metal nanoparticles. Copper nanoparticles in the present investigation have been synthesized by chemical reduction method using IPA as reducing agent and CTAB as a capping agent. The synthesized copper nanoparticles encapsulated with siddha drug Rajakalimbu. The copper nanoparticles entrap with siddha drug Rajakalimbu characterized by spectral studies ( UV-Vis spectroscopy) and microscopic studies (TEM, AFM). The antibacterial activity of CuNPs as well as drug loaded CuNPs will be investigated against the E.coli and S.aureus. The surface plasmon resonance band at 535nm indicates the formation of copper nanoparticles. The particle size obtained by TEM is 7.5nm. The XRD analysis revealed broad pattern for FCC crystal structure of copper metal. The particle size obtained XRD method using Debye- Sherer is equation is 6.95nm. The drug encapsulated CuNPs exhibit excellent antibacterial activity against E.Coli and S.aureus when compared to the unbound drug.

Lignin Based Materials For Biomedical Applications

Author: Patrícia Figueiredo
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128203048
File Size: 48,33 MB
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Lignin-based Materials for Biomedical Applications: Preparation, Characterization, and Implementation explores the emerging area of lignin-based materials as a platform for advanced biomedical applications, guiding the reader from source through to implementation. The first part of the book introduces the basics of lignin, including extraction methods, chemical modifications, structure and composition, and properties that make lignin suitable for biomedical applications. In addition, structural characterization techniques are described in detail. The next chapters focus on the preparation of lignin-based materials for biomedical applications, presenting methodologies for lignin-based nanoparticles, hydrogels, aerogels, and nanofibers, and providing in-depth coverage of lignin-based materials with specific properties—including antioxidant properties, UV absorbing capability, antimicrobial properties, and colloidal particles with tailored properties—and applications, such as drug and gene delivery, and tissue engineering. Finally, future perspectives and possible new applications are considered. This is an essential reference for all those with an interest in lignin-based materials and their biomedical applications, including researchers and advanced students across bio-based polymers, polymer science, polymer chemistry, biomaterials, nanotechnology, materials science and engineering, drug delivery, and biomedical engineering, as well as industrial R&D and scientists involved with bio-based polymers, specifically for biomedical applications. Unlocks the potential of lignin-based materials with advanced properties for cutting-edge applications in areas such as drug delivery, gene delivery and tissue engineering Presents state-of-the-art methodologies used in the development of lignin-based nanoparticles, hydrogels, aerogels and nanofibers Explains the fundamentals of lignin, including structure and composition, extraction and isolation methods, types and properties, chemical modifications, and characterization techniques

Piezoelectric Nanomaterials For Biomedical Applications

Author: Gianni Ciofani
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642280447
File Size: 13,46 MB
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Nanoscale structures and materials have been explored in many biological applications because of their novel and impressive physical and chemical properties. Such properties allow remarkable opportunities to study and interact with complex biological processes. This book analyses the state of the art of piezoelectric nanomaterials and introduces their applications in the biomedical field. Despite their impressive potentials, piezoelectric materials have not yet received significant attention for bio-applications. This book shows that the exploitation of piezoelectric nanoparticles in nanomedicine is possible and realistic, and their impressive physical properties can be useful for several applications, ranging from sensors and transducers for the detection of biomolecules to “sensible” substrates for tissue engineering or cell stimulation.

Lignin Based Materials For Biomedical Applications

Author: Patrícia Figueiredo
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 012820303X
File Size: 27,47 MB
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Lignin-based Materials for Biomedical Applications: Preparation, Characterization, and Implementation explores the emerging area of lignin-based materials as a platform for advanced biomedical applications, guiding the reader from source through to implementation. The first part of the book introduces the basics of lignin, including extraction methods, chemical modifications, structure and composition, and properties that make lignin suitable for biomedical applications. In addition, structural characterization techniques are described in detail. The next chapters focus on the preparation of lignin-based materials for biomedical applications, presenting methodologies for lignin-based nanoparticles, hydrogels, aerogels, and nanofibers, and providing in-depth coverage of lignin-based materials with specific properties-including antioxidant properties, UV absorbing capability, antimicrobial properties, and colloidal particles with tailored properties-and applications, such as drug and gene delivery, and tissue engineering. Finally, future perspectives and possible new applications are considered. This is an essential reference for all those with an interest in lignin-based materials and their biomedical applications, including researchers and advanced students across bio-based polymers, polymer science, polymer chemistry, biomaterials, nanotechnology, materials science and engineering, drug delivery, and biomedical engineering, as well as industrial R&D and scientists involved with bio-based polymers, specifically for biomedical applications. Unlocks the potential of lignin-based materials with advanced properties for cutting-edge applications in areas such as drug delivery, gene delivery and tissue engineering Presents state-of-the-art methodologies used in the development of lignin-based nanoparticles, hydrogels, aerogels and nanofibers Explains the fundamentals of lignin, including structure and composition, extraction and isolation methods, types and properties, chemical modifications, and characterization techniques

Biomedical Applications Of Nanotechnology

Author: Vinod Labhasetwar
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470152911
File Size: 25,13 MB
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An overview of nanotechnology and its potential The field of nanotechnology is undergoing rapid developments on many fronts. This reference provides a comprehensive review of various nanotechnologies with a view to their biomedical applications. With chapters contributed by distinguished scientists from diverse disciplines, Biomedical Applications of Nanotechnology : Reviews recent advances in the designing of various nanotechnologies based on nucleic acids, polymers, biomaterials, and metals Discusses biomedical nanotechnology in areas such as drug and gene delivery Covers advanced aspects of imaging and diagnostics Includes a chapter on the issue of nanotoxicology Complete with figures and tables, this is a practical, hands-on reference book for researchers in pharmaceutical and biotech industries, biomedical engineers, pharmaceutical scientists, pharmacologists, and materials scientists as well as for the policymakers who need to understand the potential of nanotechnology. It is also an excellent resource book for graduate-level students in pharmaceutical sciences, biomedical engineering, and other fields in which nanotechnology is playing an increasingly important role.

Biomedical Applications Of Nanoparticles

Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Editor: William Andrew
ISBN: 0128166304
File Size: 35,57 MB
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Biomedical Applications of Nanoparticles describes the most interesting and investigated biomedical applications of nanoparticles, emphasizing their therapeutic impact. Progress made in the therapy of severe diseases, such as cancer and difficult infections is strictly correlated to the scientific progress and technological development in the field of materials science. Nanoparticles have numerous therapeutic applications, starting with the design of new drugs, delivery systems, therapeutic materials, and their contribution to the development of preventive strategies. The book highlights the impact of nanoparticles on the therapy of infections, antimicrobial effect and also anti-cancer strategies. Successful examples are given throughout the book, along with analysis in order to improve future outcomes of novel therapies. Highlights the term nanotherapeutics and presents several classifications of nanotherapeutics from different points-of-view Presents the recent progress related to nanotherapeutics in the oral cavity Provides the recent progress in the field of biomedical nanoparticles

Nanomaterials In Biomedical Application And Biosensors Nap 2019

Author: Alexander D. Pogrebnjak
Editor: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811539960
File Size: 25,25 MB
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This book covers novel and innovative technologies used in development, modeling, chemical/physical investigation and biomedical (in-vitro and in-vivo) trials of nanomaterials and nanocomposites. Novel methods for nanoparticle development and manufacturing are presented, as well as their safety and promising applications. In addition, the book highlights new frontiers in the use of metal / metal oxide nanoparticles, hierarchical nanostructures and organic coatings as sensors for detecting gases, inorganic and organic materials, including biosensors for bacteria and cancers. Organic nanoparticle composites for medical applications (tissue engineering, tissue replacement, regeneration, etc.), including hydroxyapatite NPs, are also covered, together with related in-vitro and preclinical investigations. In closing, the book shares recent findings on orthopedic and dental implant coatings using nanoparticles, their biological efficacy and safety.

Soft Nanoparticles For Biomedical Applications

Author: José Callejas-Fernández
Editor: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1849738114
File Size: 60,78 MB
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Nanoparticles are attractive for many biomedical applications such as imaging, therapeutics and diagnostics. This new book will look at different soft nanoparticles and their current and potential uses in medicine and health including magnetoliposomes, micro/nanogels, polymeric micelles, DNA particles, dendrimers and bicelles. Each chapter will provide a description of the synthesis of the particles and focus on the techniques used to characterize the size, shape, surface charge, internal structure, and surface microstructure of the nanoparticles together with modeling and simulation methods. By giving a strong physical-chemical approach to the topic, readers will gain a good background into the subject and an overview of recent developments. The multidisciplinary point of view makes the book suitable for postgraduate students and researchers in physics, chemistry, and biology interested in soft matter and its uses.

Fundamentals Of Bionanomaterials

Author: Ahmed Barhoum
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780128241479
File Size: 71,16 MB
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Fundamentals of Bionanomaterials covers the fundamental aspects, experimental setup, synthesis, properties, and characterization of different types of bionanomaterials. Sections cover the different structure and unique properties of bionanomaterials that can be obtained by modifying their morphology and composition, highlighting a wide range of fabrication techniques and critical processing parameters. Bionanomaterials have drawn much attention for their use in a range of industrial applications, including scaffolds, dental implants, drug delivery, dialysis, biobatteries, biofuel cells, air purification, and more. This is an important reference source for anyone seeking to gain a solid understanding on the characterization, properties and processing of bionanomaterial classes. Bionanomaterials are molecular materials composed partially or completely of biological molecules or key biological structures such as proteins, enzymes, viruses, DNA, biopolymers, metals, metal oxides, and carbon nanomaterials with characteristic bioactivity. Hence, the intensive research in this area is moving towards the design and use of bionanomaterials for industrial applications. Explains the major properties and characterization techniques for a range of bionanomaterial classes Discusses the commercialization of different types of bionanomaterials for a variety of industry sectors Highlights the challenges and interdisciplinary perspective of bionanomaterials in science, biology, engineering, medicine, and technology, incorporating both fundamentals and applications

Hybrid Nanomaterials

Author: Weibo Cai
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781498720922
File Size: 32,75 MB
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Over the last decade, an unprecedented expansion in the field of nanomedicine has resulted in the development of new nanomaterials for diagnosis and therapy of various diseases such as cancer. This book covers the design, synthesis and applications of various functionally-hybridized nanomaterials for biomedical applications. It includes strategies for design and synthesis of hybrid nanomaterials, surface engineering of various nanoparticle-based hybrid nanosystems for cancer imaging and therapy, toxicity aspects of nanomaterials and the challenges in translation research of hybrid nanomaterials.

Nanoparticles In Polymer Systems For Biomedical Applications

Author: Jince Thomas
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351047876
File Size: 73,77 MB
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The volume includes presentations of technological and research accomplishments along with novel approaches in nanomedicine and nanotechnology. It explores the different types of nanomedicinal drugs with their production and commercial significance. Other topics discussed are the use of natural and synthetic nanoparticles for the production of drugs, different types of nanoparticles systems, drug carriers, wound-healing antimicrobial activity, effects of natural materials in nanomedicine, and toxicity of nanoparticles. The valuable information presented in this volume will help to keep those in this field up to date on the key findings, observations, and fabrication of drugs related to nanomedicine and nanotechnology. With chapters written by prominent researchers from academia, industry, and government and private research laboratories across the world, the book will prove to be a rich resource.

Perspectives In Micro And Nanotechnology For Biomedical Applications

Author: Juliana M Chan
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783269626
File Size: 23,97 MB
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Perspectives in Micro- and Nanotechnology for Biomedical Applications is an exciting new book that takes readers inside the fast-paced world of biomedical sciences fueled by advancements in nanotechnology, polymer chemistry and pharmacology. Guided by biotech researchers Chenjie Xu and Juliana Chan, an international ensemble of leading experts in the field cover topics ranging from classical chemical tools to nanoparticles as imaging probes and drug carriers, and combinatorial screens for new lipids and polymers. At the microscale it discusses advancements in hydrogels and platform technologies such as cell ghosts. This book provides a broad perspective into the basic principles and applications of today's most promising micro- and nanotechnologies, and is an up-to-date reference book for researchers. It is also suitable for undergraduate and graduate students, patent lawyers and investors who are interested in the latest innovations taking place in the biomedical sciences, many of which may dramatically improve the lives of millions of people.

Electrochemical Sensors Biosensors And Their Biomedical Applications

Author: Xueji Zhang
Editor: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080554891
File Size: 71,16 MB
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This book broadly reviews the modem techniques and significant applications of chemical sensors and biosensors. Chapters are written by experts in the field – including Professor Joseph Wang, the most cited scientist in the world and renowned expert on sensor science who is also co-editor. Each chapter provides technical details beyond the level found in typical journal articles, and explores the application of chemical sensors and biosensors to a significant problem in biomedical science, also providing a prospectus for the future. This book compiles the expert knowledge of many specialists in the construction and use of chemical sensors and biosensors including nitric oxide sensors, glucose sensors, DNA sensors, hydrogen sulfide sensors, oxygen sensors, superoxide sensors, immuno sensors, lab on chip, implatable microsensors, et al. Emphasis is laid on practical problems, ranging from chemical application to biomedical monitoring and from in vitro to in vivo, from single cell to animal to human measurement. This provides the unique opportunity of exchanging and combining the expertise of otherwise apparently unrelated disciplines of chemistry, biological engineering, and electronic engineering, medical, physiological. Provides user-oriented guidelines for the proper choice and application of new chemical sensors and biosensors Details new methodological advancements related to and correlated with the measurement of interested species in biomedical samples Contains many case studies to illustrate the range of application and importance of the chemical sensors and biosensors

Nanotechnology And Nanomaterial Applications In Food Health And Biomedical Sciences

Author: Deepak Kumar Verma
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429758677
File Size: 46,47 MB
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This new volume discusses the multitude of possibilities for new development in nanotechnology that focuses on overcoming the problems and challenges faced by the biomedical and food industries. The volume hopes to facilitate the development of devices and materials that benefit patients and their healthcare. The book is broken into three parts that cover: nanotechnology techniques for biomedical applications nanoparticles and materials for food, health, and pharmaceutical application potential applications of nanotechnology in food safety

Iron Oxide Nanoparticles For Biomedical Applications

Author: Sophie Laurent
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081012756
File Size: 15,30 MB
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Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications: Synthesis, Functionalization and Application begins with several chapters covering the synthesis, stabilization, physico-chemical characterization and functionalization of iron oxide nanoparticles. The second part of the book outlines the various biomedical imaging applications that currently take advantage of the magnetic properties of iron oxide nanoparticles. Brief attention is given to potential iron oxide based therapies, while the final chapter covers nanocytotoxicity, which is a key concern wherever exposure to nanomaterials might occur. This comprehensive book is an essential reference for all those academics and professionals who require thorough knowledge of recent and future developments in the role of iron oxide nanoparticles in biomedicine. Unlocks the potential of iron oxide nanoparticles to transform diagnostic imaging techniques Contains full coverage of new developments and recent research, making this essential reading for researchers and engineers alike Explains the synthesis, processing and characterization of iron oxide nanoparticles with a view to their use in biomedicine