Polarized Electrons

Author: Joachim Kessler
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662024349
File Size: 39,43 MB
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The rapid growth of the subject since the first edition ten years ago has made it necessary to rewrite the greater part of the book. Except for the introductory portion and the section on Mott scattering, the book has been completely revised. In Chap. 3, sections on polarization violating reflection symmetry, on resonance scattering, and on inelastic processes have been added. Chapter 4 has been rewritten, taking account of the numerous novel results obtained in exchange scattering. Chapter 5 includes the recent discoveries on photoelectron polarization produced by unpolarized radiation with unpolarized targets and on Auger-electron polarization. In Chap. 6, a further discussion of relativistic polarization phenomena has been added to the book. The immense growth of polarization studies with solids and surfaces required an extension and new presentation of Chap. 7. All but one section of Chap. 8 has been rewritten and a detailed treatment of polarization analysis has been included. Again, a nearly comprehensive treatment has been attempted. Even so, substantial selectivity among the wide range of available material has been essential in order to accomplish a compact presentation. The reference list, selected along the same lines as in the first edition, is meant to lead the reader through the literature giving a guide for finding further references. I want to express my indebtedness to a number of people whose help has been invaluable.

Polarized Electrons At Surfaces

Author: J. Kirschner
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 9783662152195
File Size: 11,53 MB
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Polarized Electrons In Surface Physics

Author: R Feder
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814518913
File Size: 50,30 MB
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Contents:Theoretical Foundation:Electronic and Magnetic Structure of Solid Surfaces (A J Freeman, C L Fu, S Ohnishi & M Weinert)Ferromagnetism of Transition Metals at Finite Temperatures (H Capellmann)Critical Behaviour at Surfaces of Ferromagnets (K Binder)Principles and Theory of Electron Scattering and Photoemission (R Feder)Experiments and Results:Sources and Detectors for Polarized Electrons (J Kirschner)Elastic Spin-Polarized Low Energy Electron Diffraction from Non-Magnetic Surfaces (F B Dunning & G K Walters)Elastic Spin-Polarized Low-Energy Electron Scattering from Magnetic Surfaces (U Gradmann & S F Alvarad)Inelastic Electron Scattering by Ferromagnets (J Kirschner)Spin Polarized Secondary Electron Emission from Ferromagnets (M Landolt)Spin Polarized Photoemission by Optical Spin Orientation in Semiconductors (F Meier)Adsorbates (U Heinzmann & G Schonhense)Spin- and Angle-Resolved Photoemission from Ferromagnets (E Kisker)Spin Dependent Inverse Photoemission from Ferromagnets (V Dose & M Glöbl)Photoemission and Bremsstrahlung from Fe and Ni: Theoretical Results and Analysis of Experimental Data (R Clauberg & R Feder)Polarized Electrons in Surface Physics: Outlook (M Campagna) Readership: Graduate students and researchers interested in surface physics.

Polarized Electrons At Surfaces

Author: J. Kirschner
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3540392122
File Size: 75,70 MB
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Polarized Electron Polarized Photon Physics

Author: Hans Kleinpoppen
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489914188
File Size: 43,25 MB
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The EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Science Research Committee of the U. K. ) suggested two Workshops (York University, 22-23 September, 1993 and 15-16 April, 1994) for possible development of polarized electron/photon physics as targeted areas of research. The remit of these meetings included identifying research groups and their activities in polarized electron/polarized photon physics, listing relevant existing facilities (particularly electron spin sources and polarimeters), possible joint projects between research groups in the U. K. , recognizing future needs of projects for research of the highest scientific merit and referring to international comparisons of these research activities. Although very diverse but interconnected, the areas of research presented at the Workshops embrace atomic, molecular, surface, and solid state physics. In more detail these areas covered: electron spin correlations and photon polarization correlations in atomic and molecular collisions and photoionization, electron spin effects in scanning tunneling microscopy, surface and interface magnetism from X-ray scattering and polarized Auger electrons (including analysis of domain structures in solids and surfaces), polarized electrons from multiphoton ionization, quasi-atomic effects in solid state physics, dichroism in molecular and surface processes, Faraday rotation and high-field magneto-optics and polarization effects in simultaneous higher order electron-photon excitations. It is obvious from the spectrum of research fields presented at the Workshops that physicists of primarily two communities, namely those studying electron and photon spin interactions with gaseous atomic and molecular targets and those using condensed matter targets for their studies, interacted very closely with each other.

Parity Violation In Atoms And In Polarized Electron Scattering

Author: Marie-anne Bouchiat
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814544086
File Size: 80,82 MB
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In the last few years there has been considerable progress in improving the accuracy of parity violation experiments in electron scattering at high energy and in atomic physics. Recent results are a challenge to the standard electroweak theory and our understanding of hadron structure. This book is an extensive review of the advances in this field. The theoretical framework is presented at a pedagogical level, experiments and future projects are reviewed, and the results and their interpretation are discussed in depth.

Physics With A High Luminosity Polarized Electron Ion Collider Proceedings Of The Workshop On High Energy Nuclear Physics Epic 99

Author: Bland Leslie C
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 981454342X
File Size: 75,96 MB
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This volume contains the proceedings of the Workshop on Physics with an Electron-Polarized Ion Collider (EPIC-99), jointly sponsored by the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility and Nuclear Theory Center, and the Institute for Nuclear Theory, University of Washington. It was held in Bloomington, Indiana, April 8-11, 1999. The purpose was to discuss important new physics phenomena which could be investigated with a high-luminosity asymmetric collider consisting of a beam of polarized electrons (with energy roughly 5 GeV), and a beam of polarized protons or other light ions of approximately 40 GeV energy. The Workshop brought together experts in the field who highlighted the unique potential for such a facility, and compared the prospects and challenges for this collider with present and proposed facilities around the world.The proceedings of this Workshop summarize our currently available knowledge on the physics potential for a polarized asymmetric collider. It provides a unique collection of information on the opportunities which such a facility would provide.

Spin Polarized Two Electron Spectroscopy Of Surfaces

Author: Sergey Samarin
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3030006573
File Size: 44,21 MB
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This book presents developments of techniques for detection and analysis of two electrons resulting from the interaction of a single incident electron with a solid surface. Spin dependence in scattering of spin-polarized electrons from magnetic and non-magnetic surfaces is governed by exchange and spin-orbit effects. The effects of spin and angular electron momentum are shown through symmetry of experimental geometries: (i) normal and off normal electron incidence on a crystal surface, (ii) spin polarization directions within mirror planes of the surface, and (iii) rotation and interchange of detectors with respect to the surface normal. Symmetry considerations establish relationships between the spin asymmetry of two-electron distributions and the spin asymmetry of Spectral Density Function of the sample, hence providing information on the spin-dependent sample electronic structure. Detailed energy and angular distributions of electron pairs carry information on the electron-electron interaction and electron correlation inside the solid. The “exchange – correlation hole” associated with Coulomb and exchange electron correlation in solids can be visualized using spin-polarized two-electron spectroscopy. Also spin entanglement of electron pairs can be probed. A description of correlated electron pairs generation from surfaces using other types of incident particles, such as photons, ions, positrons is also presented.

Polarized Beams And Polarized Gas Targets

Author: Hans Paetz Gen Schieck
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814531367
File Size: 29,21 MB
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Proceedings Of The 11th International Workshop On Polarized Sources And Targets

Author: Tomohiro Uesaka
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812707034
File Size: 12,20 MB
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Polarized beams and targets have been irreplaceable tools in nuclear and particle physics experiments for a long time and have provided us rich information on the role played by spin-degrees of freedom in the sub-nuclear world. In addition, techniques to obtain large nuclear polarization have recently been applied to new fields such as materials and medical sciences.The scope of these proceedings covers recent progress of state-of-the-art techniques in spin polarization, the cryogenic method, the atomic beam method, the optical pumping method and the nuclear reaction method.

Introduction To Polarization Physics

Author: Sandibek B. Nurushev
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3642321631
File Size: 55,51 MB
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This book is devoted to the polarization (spin) physics of high energy particles and contains three parts. The first part presents the theoretical prefaces of polarization in the particle physics for interpretations, predictions and bases for understanding the following two parts. The second part of the book presents the description of the essential polarization experiments including the recent ones. This part is devoted to the innovative instrumentations, gives the parameters of the polarized beams, targets, polarized gas jets and polarimeters. The third part of the book concentrates on the important achievements in polarization physics. The book can be used in lectures on nuclear and particle physics and and nuclear instruments and methods. As supplementary reading this book is useful for researchers working in particle and nuclear physics.

The Physics Of Polarized Targets

Author: Tapio O. Niinikoski
Editor: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108475078
File Size: 53,36 MB
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Explains what spin is and how spins are polarized to study elementary particles, nuclei, atoms and molecular structures.

Physics With Polarized Beams On Polarized Targets Proceedings Of The Conference

Author: Sowinski J
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814611832
File Size: 51,99 MB
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This invaluable book provides an elementary description of supersymmetric quantum mechanics which complements the traditional coverage found in the existing quantum mechanics textbooks. It gives physicists a fresh outlook and new ways of handling quantum-mechanical problems, and also leads to improved approximation techniques for dealing with potentials of interest in all branches of physics. The algebraic approach to obtaining eigenstates is elegant and important, and all physicists should become familiar with this.The book has been written in such a way that it can be easily appreciated by students in advanced undergraduate quantum mechanics courses. Problems have been given at the end of each chapter, along with complete solutions to all the problems. The text also includes material of interest in current research not usually discussed in traditional courses on quantum mechanics, such as the connection between exact solutions to classical soliton problems and isospectral quantum Hamiltonians, and the relation to the inverse scattering problem.

High Energy Nuclear Optics Of Polarized Particles

Author: Vladimir G. Baryshevsky
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814324833
File Size: 15,19 MB
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The various phenomena caused by refraction and diffraction of polarized elementary particles in matter have opened up a new research area in the particle physics: nuclear optics of polarized particles. Effects similar to the well-known optical phenomena such as birefringence and Faraday effects, exist also in particle physics, though the particle wavelength is much less than the distance between atoms of matter. Current knowledge of the quasi-optical effects, which exist for all particles in any wavelength range (and energies from low to extremely high), will enable us to investigate different properties of interacting particles (nuclei) in a new aspect. This pioneering book will provide detailed accounts of quasi-optical phenomena in the particle polarization, and will interest physicists and professionals in experimental particle physics.

High Energy Physics With Polarized Beams And Polarized Targets

Author: Joseph
Editor: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034863012
File Size: 42,91 MB
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Polarized Sources Targets And Polarimetry

Author: Giuseppe Ciullo
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814324914
File Size: 49,32 MB
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This book collects the most recent experimental results, new ideas and prototypes in the field of nuclear gaseous and solid polarized targets and polarimetry. It contains the contribution of the biennial meeting on the topics of Polarized Sources, Targets and Polarimetry. Therefore includes the most recent developments and performances in the field and new proposals. The contributing authors are the experts of the field. The topics covered include: Polarized Electron Sources, Polarized Proton and Deuterium Sources, Polarized Internal Targets, Polarized 3He Ion Sources and Targets, Polarimetry (e, p, d) at Low and High Energy, Polarized antiprotons, Polarized Solid Targets.

Polarization Alignment And Orientation In Atomic Collisions

Author: Nils Andersen
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319552163
File Size: 22,50 MB
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This book covers polarization, alignment, and orientation effects in atomic collisions induced by electron, heavy particle, or photon impact. The first part of the book presents introductory chapters on light and particle polarization, experimental and computational methods, and the density matrix and state multipole formalism. Examples and exercises are included. The second part of the book deals with case studies of electron impact and heavy particle excitation, electron transfer, impact ionization, and autoionization. A separate chapter on photo-induced processes by new-generation light sources has been added. The last chapter discusses related topics and applications. Part III includes examples of charge clouds and introductory summaries of selected seminal papers of tutorial value from the early history of the field (1925 – 1975). The book is a significant update to the previous (first) edition, particularly in experimental and computational methods, the inclusion of key results obtained during the past 15 years, and the extended coverage of photo-induced processes. It is intended as an introductory text for both experimental and theoretical students and researchers. It can be used as a textbook for graduate courses, as a primary source for special topics and seminar courses, and as a standard reference. The book is accompanied by electronically available copies of the full text of the key papers in Part III, as well as animations of theoretically predicted electron charge clouds and currents for some of the cases discussed in Part II.

Correlation And Polarization In Electronic And Atomic Collisions Proceedings Of The International Symposium

Author: Albert Crowe
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813201606
File Size: 65,67 MB
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This volume contains the invited papers delivered at the International Symposium on Correlation and Polarization in Electronic and Atomic Collisions. Experts in the field give the current state and outline future directions of research providing a better fundamental understanding of electron-atom and atom(ion)-atom interactions. Correlation and coherence effects in inelastic collisions as manifested by the observation of photon polarization and photon and particle angular distributions are discussed together with spin dependent effects using spin polarized electron beams.

Proceedings Of The Symposium On Experiments Using Enriched Antiproton Polarized Proton And Polarized Antiproton Beams At Fermilab Energies

Author: Akihiko Yokosawa
Editor:
ISBN:
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High Energy Polarized Proton Beams

Author: Georg Heinz Hoffstaetter
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 0387347542
File Size: 40,34 MB
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This book examines the acceleration and storage of polarized proton beams in cyclic accelerators. Basic equations of spin motion are reviewed, the invariant spin field is introduced, and an adiabatic invariant of spin motion is derived. The text presents numerical methods for computing the invariant spin field, and displays the results in numerous illustrations. This book offers a more lucid view of spin dynamics at high energy than has hitherto been available.